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Busójárás, TájGazda

The Busó festivities are held in Mohács (in southern Hungary) every year. The marching of the Busós is a six-day carnival in February to symbolize the end of winter and welcome of the spring.

The busós originally were frightening-looking costumed men who wear wooden masks painted with animal blood as well as complementary with sheepskin hoods, horns and huge woolly fur coats.
The festival consists of

  • feasts and music throughout the town, a display of the art of wooden mask carvers, folk craftsmen
  • the arrival of lots of rowing busós in their boats on the river Danube
  • after their arrival they march through the city of Mohács to burn a coffin symbolizing winter on a bonfire in the central square.

The tradition stems from the Croatian minority so-called sokac in Mohács. The busó is a general emblem of the town today. The arts underlying the festivities are preserved by self-organized groups of busós, many of them apply the techniques of mask carving. The visitors in these festivities can experience the pulled eyebrows, the facial mimicry of anger and smile at the same time almost on all masks.

The Busójárás was added to UNESCO’s reprezentative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009.

Official site of Busós: http://www.mohacsibusojaras.hu/?b=1

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